An unnamed country coordinated the largest cyber-espionage attack in history, targeting the United Nations, the International Olympic Committee, ASEAN and the World Anti-Doping Agency, Vanity Fair reported Monday. Some of the attacks lasted less than a month; others continued for two years.

Dubbed “Operation Shady RAT,” the clandestine effort compromised trade secrets and captured sensitive government information from 72 global organizations over a five-year period. “RAT” is short for Remote Access Tool.

“It’s clear from this and other attacks we’ve been witnessing that there is an unprecedented transfer of wealth in the form of trade secrets and I.P. [intellectual property], primarily from Western organizations and companies, falling off the truck and disappearing into massive electronic archives,” believes Dmitri Alperovitch, McAfee’s vice president of threat research.

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