After the original wording of the U.S. Constitution was completed, some of our most faithful and influential Founding Fathers were dubious of ratifying it.
They feared that if it didn’t offer more specifics about what government can and cannot do, the day would come when government could be used to threaten our God-given rights instead of defend them.
So after much deliberation and debate, the Framers came together to draft 10 Amendments called the “Bill of Rights.” The First Amendment added to the Constitution says this:
“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
Here the term “congress” is synonymous with “government,” since the Framers had no intentions of allowing anyone other than actual lawmakers to make law – not unelected judges or monarchial presidents as we permit to rule over us today. There are two reasons why religious freedom and free speech were listed first in our Bill of Rights.