When Cuba marked its 58th anniversary of the start of the Communist Revolution this week, a key message from Vice President Jose Machado was that Cubans need to work harder.

Leaders of the island nation of more than 11 million people are trying to encourage different ways of thinking, including allowing limited private enterprise.

Three hundred thousand Cubans have entered the private sector in the past year — small businessmen and women who work out of their homes or yards — or a 1956 Ford Victoria, like Juan, a Havana taxi driver and new entrepreneur.

The piecemeal capitalism is doled out by an increasingly desperate Communist leadership trying to keep the Cuban economy afloat.

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