The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) filed a final version of its net neutrality rules Thursday, one year after they voted to pass the framework defining the principles of an ‘open Internet.’ The vote on the framework was passed on partisan lines, 3-2.

The rules, published on the Federal Register’s website, will go into effect November 20th. Touted as a major victory for a free and open Internet by FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski, Republicans have begun building a last-ditch challenge to a principle they believe will kill markets.

Republicans have long opposed net neutrality, and after the FCC filed the rule, Texas Republican Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchinson called on her colleagues to overturn the ruling via resolution. “I’m very disappointed that the FCC has decided to move forward with its misguided net neutrality order,” she said in a statement. “Companies and industries that use broadband communications have flourished over the last decade without government intervention, yet the FCC has chosen to ‘fix’ a problem that does not exist.”

However, it is unlikely that a congressional resolution will successfully overturn the FCC ruling. For one, a resolution needs to be passed with a majority in order to take effect — an improbability in a Democrat-controlled Senate. Secondly, President Barack Obama, a proponent of net neutrality and an old friend of Genachowski, has the power to veto the resolution should it come across his desk.

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