House Republicans now have their own extended unemployment benefits plan, but with reforms to satisfy conservatives, including drug testing, job training, and shorter terms of eligibility.

A new House GOP plan, released Friday, extends long-term jobless benefits, now set to expire on Jan. 4, 2012, for one year, but also requires states administering the benefits to adopt a list of proposed federal standards to “permanently reform” the unemployment insurance system.

Unemployment insurance is still a controversial theme for conservatives, who often see an extension of benefits as encouraging the unemployed to stay out of the workforce longer.

But the depth and persistence of the current downturn is driving GOP lawmakers to support the extension of the long-term benefits, albeit while reducing the maximum period of eligibility from the current 99 weeks to 59 in a bid to get workers back to work. The reduction in eligibility would be in two steps beginning in 2013. Most state benefits end after 26 weeks, after which unemployed workers must apply for the federal extended benefits.

This two-step process is a “common-sense level that is in line with past recessions and economic downturns, extending current benefits,” according to details of the plan released by Speaker John Boehner’s office.

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