President Obama on Tuesday will unveil a new research program to map the human brain, efforts which scientists hope could help develop treatments for Alzheimer’s disease and epilepsy, according to reports.

A White House official said the BRAIN Initiative would “show how millions of brain cells interact,” according to the New York Times, and compared the program to the Human Genome Project.

Obama will commit $100 million to the program beginning in 2014, which will include both government agencies and private institutions. The National Institutes of Health, the Defense Research Projects Agency and the National Science Foundation will be involved with the project.

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